The Aboriginal people of Australia are the first group of people that have settled onto this land for well over 10,000 years. The original Aborigine lived on the land in tribal groups and villages. The Aborigines lived as a fairly isolated civilization until the arrival of the British people during 1770s. Once the British had arrived onto their lands, their presence forever changed their lives.
Modern Aborigines no longer live on the land like they did in the past. Yes, it is true that ab out 9% of all Aborigines live in the outback and the vast majority of them reside inside of a metropolitan area. At least 75% of them lived in cities, heavy urban areas and in the rural countryside. The Aborigines of today go to school, work jobs and raise families just like any other group of people. Unfortunately, the modern Aboriginals have to deal with high unemployment rates, overcrowding and extreme poverty.
The Aboriginal people only account for 3% of the population and there are close to 670,000 of them spread out throughout Australia. The Aborigines only account for a small percentage of the population and they have the worst economy within the country. Only 48% of the Aboriginal population is employed and the total unemployment rate for Aboriginal people is close to 15% and by some estimates this number is even higher. Only 2% of all employees within Australia are Aborigines.
Economically speaking the Aborigines are not in good shape. The problem starts with a lack of education. Only 21% of them graduated from high school. With such a small amount of the population being educated it reduces most their ability and chances with finding meaningful work. They can pick up temporary or low-skilled and low-paid positions. However, most of them are not qualified to work in careers or occupations that can lift them out of poverty. Improving economic conditions is a huge undertaking for the Aborigines because once their economic situation changes; then chances are their lives will significantly improve.
The situation with the modern Aboriginal people has mixed results. Yes, it is true that the Aborigines lost a lot of their culture, identity and self-worth once the British had arrived. However, the plight of many Aborigine people have become significantly better after their arrival as well. The cities where Aborigine people dwell are filled with overcrowded housing, high crime rates and lots of violence. On the other hand, there are quite a few of the Aborigine people who sell their artwork, work in meaningful careers and who are well known outside of their native homeland.
It should come as no surprise that Aborigine people have very poor health care. Their rates for diabetes and heart conditions are significantly higher than the rest of Australia's population. They are also more likely to deal with infant mortality and drug abuse and they have an overall lower life expectancy than the rest of the population. Infectious diseases such as scabies and pneumonia tends to spread rapidly through Aboriginal communities because of their overcrowding and close proximity as a group.
Health care coverage is poor because many Aborigines cannot afford to pay the expense. It is also bad because a lot of people have to confront racial conditions that impact the culture as a whole. These racial inequalities also affect this group's ability to receive adequate medical coverage. Regardless of their circumstances the Aboriginals are not a defeated group and they still remain a respectable people. Many advocates and politicians within their group are currently working hard to change their condition for the better.